1Department of Sport medicine & health, faculty of Alborz campus, university of Tehran, Karaj, Iran
2Health and Sports Medicine Department, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
3Department of Sport medicine & health, faculty of physical education & sport science, university of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
Introduction: forward head posture Is one of the most common anomalies in children. Besides corrective exercise, corrective games are among the methods used to prevent and correct postural anomalies in children by applying corrective goals in the form of the game. the present study aimed to compare the effect and durability of one period corrective games with selected corrective exercise on 10-12 aged boys with forward head.
Methods: ninety boys with age average (11.20±0.80), height average (140.78±5.91), and weight average (39.69±4.75) were selected as accessible and purposeful and were randomly divided into corrective games, selected corrective exercise and control group. Subject in experimental groups performed their related corrective games and corrective exercise for 8 weeks and 3 sessions every week. the forward head angle was measured by the photogrammetry method in the pre-test level, at the end of the 8weeks’ exercises as a post-test level, and 8 weeks later ending the study as a follow-up level.
Results: the finding of the repeated measure ANOVA test indicated forward head angle has a significant difference between corrective games and selected corrective exercise groups in 3 study phases(P≤0.05). But the difference wasn’t significant in the control group. (P>0.05). the finding of the ANCOVA test indicated the significant difference among 3 groups in 3 study phases (P≤0.05). Post-hoc Bonferroni test indicated no significant difference between corrective games and selected corrective exercise group subjects in the post-test and follow-up levels(P>0.05). even though this difference was significant between control with corrective games and corrective selected exercise group(P≤0.05).
Conclusion: corrective games in forward head angle decreasing, also durability has a positive and similar effect to corrective exercise. So corrective games have a significant effect and durability on forward head angle in 10-12 aged boys. Therefore, using corrective games suggests to children with forward head anomaly.